By: Steve Kimpel, MS, CSCS
As a wrestling coach and a speaker at camps and clinics, I frequently meet parents and wrestlers looking for the leading nutritional advantages. The most common questions revolve around what wrestlers should eat before their matches.
These are excellent questions and appropriate because nutrition can play an important role in wrestlers competing at their best. Unfortunately, many people (including advertisers) overcomplicate the issue. True, nutrition is a complex science, but the sound principles of successfully feeding a wrestler are not complicated.
What follows is some general information eating on the day of a competition. Many parents and wrestlers adopt these strategies, but the review may be helpful and reassuring.
– be consumed a few hours before competing
– be easily digestible
– be something you like (or you are less likely to eat it)
– consist of primarily carbohydrate, because fat and protein are harder to digest
Food carbohydrate + Blood sugar + Muscle Sugar = ENERGY
The primary site of digestion is the small intestine, by which simple sugars are absorbed into the blood. Glucose is the blood sugar, which is transported to muscle cells where it can be stored as glycogen (the important energy source during a wrestling match). Insulin, a hormone that helps the muscle cells take-up the blood glucose, is released in response to an increase in blood glucose.
Simple sugars found in soft drinks and candy cause excessive insulin to be released (hyperglycemia) and this causes rapid absorption of glucose into the muscles cells or fat cells. Generally, this causes a depletion of blood sugar, which makes athletes feel tired mentally and physically.
Complex carbohydrates generally are absorbed more slowly into the blood providing more of a “time release” kind of effect. This allows blood sugar levels to remain fairly stable, avoiding the roller coaster hyper- and hypo-glycemia. Excellent sources of complex carbohydrates include cereal and milk, oatmeal, bananas, apples, beans, peas, lentils and pasta.
Because glucose is the blood sugar, the muscles have little or no preference for the original dietary source of the carbohydrate. At the muscular level glucose molecules are linked together in their storage form of glycogen, which is used for energy.
In high-intensity sports, short-duration sports, like wrestling, the stores of muscle glycogen are not altered enough to cause excessive fatigue. Wrestlers who eat a small meal after the weigh-in and consume fluids (an ounce for every ounce lost making weight), and snacks throughout the day, will generally have adequate muscle glycogen and food-derived energy for a match.
It is difficult for some wrestlers to eat after a weigh-in when the nervousness and the site of other competitors already have the adrenaline flowing. With a little planning and experience parents and wrestlers can overcome this obstacle.
12 oz orange juice
Bowl of oatmeal
Two pieces of toast with jelly
Sliced peaches with skim milk
One cup low fat yogurt
One toasted bagel
One ounce of turkey breast (one serving)
Half cup of raisins
1/2 cup of water
1/2 cup nonfat dry milk
1/4 cup glucose polymer (like your favorite sport drink)
3 cups skim milk
Flavoring made of 1 teaspoon of vanilla, chocolate or cherry extract (depending on what sport drink used in the recipe)